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Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay

Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay or (Sarat Chandra Chatterjee) was born on 15 September, 1876, in Debanandapur, Bengal Presidency in India. His childhood was mostly past in his grandfather Kedarnath Gangopadhyay’s house in Bihar, where his father was employed for a while a short period. He was one of the most prolific and popular novelists and short story writers of early 20th century of Bangal’s. He wrote over 30 novellas, novels, and stories. For being born in a poor family, Sarat Chandra based many of his novels on his own experiences. He selected many revolutionary topics that added social consciousness and intractable societal traditions and chopped them into endearing and intricate tales. This gained him a following not just in India but abroad as well. Many of his popular novels include ‘Choritrohin’, ‘Palli Samaj’, ‘Devdas’, ‘Nishkriti’, ‘Griha Daha’, ‘Srikanta’, ‘Sesh Prasna’ and ‘Sesher Parichay’. Unimpeded by the personal tragedies he faced, he went on to use them as the basis for his novels, adding a more personal touch to his works. He was never a judge of society; he merely covered them in his works to let the reader form their own opinions. The themes he uses in his novels and the treatment of characters are influenced by writings of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. His remarkable forbearance towards the cause of women and their lives puts him a step ahead of his contemporaries. Many of his works have been adapted to highly successful films. His legacy lives on in his abundant colorful and powerful characters that have stood the test of time and will continue to do so indefinitely. The University of Calcutta presented him with their Jagattarini medal. He received an honorary doctorate, D.Lit. from the University of Dacca (now Dhaka). He was diagnosed with liver cancer and passed away on January 16, 1938 in Calcutta (now Kolkata).

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