Kazi Nazrul Islam was born on May 24, 1899 in a village of Burdwan district of West Bengal named Churulia to Kazi Fakir Ahmed, the caretaker of the local mosque and mausoleum, and his wife, Zahida Khatun. He was the second of their four children. He is the ‘National Poet of Bangladesh’. He was a highly talented person, a gifted literary genius in the field of writing poems and composing songs. He began working quite early in his life to support his family financially which also affected his education. He did various jobs in his childhood and later got involved in the armed forces after matriculation. While serving in the army, he began his literary career, most of which revolved around poetry. At the beginning he received appreciation and exalt for his poetic collections but afterwards the British Empire sensed a bit of hostility and rebellion in his poems and imprisoned him for over a year. When he was kept in prison, his rebellious and fierce attitude grew deeper and he wrote many such works. After coming out of prison, he started to give people courage to fight for independence and also wrote about the weaker classes of the society. Later his focus moved towards religion by virtue of some personal life incidents. He faced constant struggle in his personal life because of poverty, his wife’s illness, his mental health and the death of his loved ones. In spite of all difficulties he emerged out as a revolutionary poet who managed to leave his imprint in the field of music, poetry and writing. Later he gained the title of ‘national poet’ and was awarded the ‘Ekushey Padak’ by the Government of Bangladesh. On August 29, 1976, he finally left the world in Dhaka, Bangladesh. He was buried beside the central mosque on the campus of the University of Dhaka.
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